Census records are among the most frequently used materials
of genealogists and family historians.
From the first federal population
enumeration in 1790, the names of the heads of households have been
listed on the census, along with other information.
Beginning with the
1850 census, the names of all other members of each household were listed
as well, along with other detailed information about them. In successive
decades' censuses, more and more questions were asked and more information
For example, in the 1900 census, the birthplace of each
individual-as well as that of the individual's father and mother-was
listed, an invaluable tool for tracing the location of persons in previous
censuses in other locations.
Federal census records for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850,
1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 were microfilmed by the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and are available for viewing
there, at larger libraries and archives with genealogical collections,
and at or through LDS Family History CentersT (FHCs).
(The 1890 census
has been almost completely lost, with only a few exceptions, as a result
of fire and water damage.
(source: "The Basics
of Using Federal Census Records" by George G. Morgan read the full
Archives - US GenWeb this free site has over 60,000 pages of data online
Census Records for New
US Census Search search the entire 1880 census for free at FamilySearch.org
U.S. Indian Census Schedules, 1885-1940
1790-1930 Federal Censuses from Ancestry.com.
Do's and Dont's with Census Records 30 useful tips to get more out
of your census research.
in Census Records, 1790-1840 tips from National Archives and Records
List; US Census has links to many census resource sites
Soundex Indexing System work out your ancestor's soundex code here
The soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way a
surname sounds rather than the way it is spelled. Surnames that sound
the same, but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the
same code and are filed together. The soundex coding system was developed
so that you can find a surname even though it may have been recorded
under various spellings.|
About U.S. Census Population Schedules
includes helpful tips for specific census years
Interpreting the Tick Marks on Federal Censuses
US Census Bureau
U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index
(Ancestry.com) Included in the 1850, 1860, 1870, and
1880 censuses were questions regarding those who died in the twelve
months prior to the enumeration. They list persons who died between
1 June and 31 May of the year prior to the census